Part 2 – Burns and Scalds
We would like to welcome you to one of the many topics that will be covered in a Safety Series bought to you by WONDERWOMAN Children and Little Rockers Radio. The series aims to improve your awareness on safety promotion, injury prevention and help you become Safety Superheros in your community.
This month we will be covering information and awareness on Burns and Scalds.
“Burns and Scalds are the third most common injury for babies and toddlers”
– The Australian Institute of Health and Wealthfare 2009.
Burns and Scalds
Safety Prevention and First Aid for Families
Burns and Scalds are one of the most common accidents that can happen in your household and cause serious injury to your child. A burn is where the skin has been damaged by something hot which includes hot water, steam, the heater, over and also from electricity, friction, chemicals and radiation (sunlight)! The most common burn for children is scalds which is caused by hot liquids.
Things you can do to prevent burns and scalds
Hot water in domestic homes are usually set at 70°. The ideal temperature should be set at 50 °. Hot water burns like fire, and even small adjustments to its temperature can be the difference between a minor or sever burn.
At 60° it takes one sec for hot water to cause a life threatening scald to an infant. At 55° it takes ten seconds and 50° it takes five minutes.
Hot surfaces around the home include cooking surfaces, hot liquids and hot surfaces such as the heater and iron. Ensure these items are out for children, that they can not be pulled down by accessible cords and pot handles and that they are turned off after use.
“I had left my room to do something in the kitchen and for a period of time I could not hear my little one around the house. When I found her she was in the bathroom and had put the hair straightener on her arm. It was on and she had not removed it so it was just burning through her skin” – Family First Aid Parent Story
Electrical burns are very serious and caused by electrical sources, sockets, cords and open outlets. It is important to cover up outlets that are not in use and to protect your child from pulling out cords that are in use. It is essential to do an assessment and tidy up any potential dangers to make sure that areas of risk are safe for your child.
“I found my child sucking on the USB cord for my phone charger which resulted in some burns in his mouth, and a few days of discomfort when drinking milk and eating food” – Family First Aid Parent Story
Chemical burns are caused by corrosive and causative agents around the home such as cleaning products, chlorine and acids.
“I was at park one day, and my young child decided to go down one of those tube slides. As she came down the slide there was a mist of dust that flew out the other end. She was screaming and the closer I walked towards here the stronger the smell of chemicals appeared. It turned out that chlorine powder was poured down the slide. My daughter had chemicals burns over her body and her genitals”.- Founder of WONDERWOMAN Children
Be sure to call poison information hotline on 13-11-26 to find out more advice.
Radiation burns are most commonly caused by the sun. There is a strong message about being sun safe in Australia and we can reinforce this by ensuring that you as a family are aware of how to keep safe in the sun, by using sunscreen and staying out of the sun during the hotter periods of the day.
First Aid Management for All Burns and Scalds
If the child has collapsed, stopped breathing, is fitting or non-responsive commence Airway Management.
- Cool the burn for 20 minutes. under cool running water. This treatment is useful for up to three hours after the incident.
- Cool the burn not the child. If the burn is large, stop cooling after 20 minutes (no less, unless recommended otherwise). Children are more prone to hypothermia.
- Cover the burn. With a sterile, non-stick dressing ( if not available use cling wrap/cotton sheet).
- Call an ambulance 000. If the burn is to the child’s face, airway, hands, joints of genitals or if the burn is larger than the size of the child’s hand.
- Go to the hospital or doctor. If the burn is larger than a 20 cent piece, looks raw or the child is in pain.
X DO NOT X
Apply ice, iced water, butter, creams, oil or powders! Use a hydrogel for the first aid treatment of burns! Cover chemical burns with cling wrap or hydrogel dressings!
Want to learn more?
LEARN the skills of Airway Management and what to do in an Emergency by joining in on our Family First Aid classes or hosting one of your own with your family and friends! Visit www.parentmedic.co.
LISTEN to the interview on Burns and Scalds- Safety and First Aid of Nataly Tormey from WONDERWOMAN Children on Little Rockers Radio.
READ the most up to date information bought to you by Kidsafe on all things safety.
Proudly bought to you by Little Rockers Radio and WONDERWOMAN Children.